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The Junkers Ju 90 was a 40-seat, four-engine airliner developed for and used by Deutsche Luft Hansa shortly before World War II. The Junkers Ju 90 airliner and transport series descended directly from the Ju 89, a contender in the Ural bomber programme aimed at producing a long-range strategic bomber. During the war, the Luftwaffe impressed them as military transports. The two last prototypes - the V7 and V8 - fed directly into the Ju 290 development programme. Junkers Ju 90 là một loại máy bay chở khách 40 chỗ, được phát triển chế tạo tại Đức. [5][7] This Trapoklappe ramp, when lowered, raised the fuselage to the horizontal flying position. It subsequently emerged that the Junkers company simply set this as an arbitrary limit based on the earlier Ju-90 whose abilities were well known. Prototyp Ju 90V-1 používal krídla a chvostové plochy z typu Ju 89 V-3, a to vrátane radových motorov Daimler Benz DB600 o sile 706kW. ISBN 0 85177 920 4 Page 208. Quantity: 3 available / 2 sold. Zasnovan je na podlagi preklicanega bombnika Ju 89.. Ju 90 je imel kapaciteto 40 potnikov in dolet okrog 1250 kilometrov. [5] The Ju 90 V6 airframe was used in the construction of the Junkers Ju 390 V1. The airplane history also includes a fairly detailed discussion of the technical side of Lufthansa. It is said that this aircraft flew a total of 62,572 km ( mi) in 1938. It was based on the Junkers Ju 89 bomber, which did not progress beyond prototype stage. https://aircraft.fandom.com/wiki/Junkers_Ju_90?oldid=18692. The Ju 90 V9 was also withdrawn and rebuilt as the Ju 390V2, later redesignated in October 1944 as the Ju 390A-1. These components were as used in the Ju 89. In the end, only 18 Ju 90s of all versions were completed. This is a good, solid monograph. Four of these aircraft took part in the invasion of Norway.[6]. The Ju-90 V6 airframe was itself re-designated Ju-390 V1. As the war progressed, the surviving six Luft Hansa airframes were also impressed into Luftwaffe service, It crashed fatally during tropical flight tests on takeoff in November 1938 at Bathurst, Gambia, probably because of engine failure. Deutsche Luft Hansa put a request for a long-distance commercial aircraft as early as 1933. The Ju-90 was a civilian transport aircraft developed from the experimental Ju-89 strategic bomber design. Das Muster wurde von 1937 bis 1939 gebaut und nach dem Firmensitz der Junkers-Werke auch Der große Dessauer genannt. During the war, the Luftwaffe impressed them as military transports. The Original Model: Junkers JU 90. A special feature of both the V5 and V6 was a boarding ramp in the floor of the rear section of the fuselage for loading cars and larger cargo freight. Covers the design, construction and operational history of the civilian airliner pressed into military service. The Ju 90 V5 flew first on 5 December 1939. On the first four Ju 90As, there were five pairs of rectangular windows on each side, each double pair lighting a divided-off section of the cabin containing eight seats in facing pairs on either side of a central aisle. Junkers Ju 90 prototype D-AALU Der Grosse Dessauer, introduced in 1937. The Junkers Ju 90 was a four engined transport aircraft that was developed from the Ju 89 heavy bomber.Although the Ju 89 had made a successful maiden flight on 7 December 1936 the Luftwaffe was losing interest in strategic bombers, and on 29 April 1937 work on both the Ju … Condition: Brand New. The former had a fuselage extension of 1.98 m (6 ft 6 in) and the addition of dihedral to the tailplane to solve a yaw instability. The Ju 290 was also intended to meet the need for large transport aircraft. Junkers Ju 90 byl dopravní letoun postavený na základě projektu bombardéru Junkers Ju 89, který se dostal jen do stádia prototypu. The fourth prototype V4 went into Luftwaffe service in July 1941 fitted with 980 kW (1,320 hp) Jumo 211F/L engines. Ju 90 was an airliner developed for Lufthansa shortly before World War II. [1][5] The Ju 90V5 and V6 were the prototypes of this military design. A bomberversion, the A-8, was planned, but never built. The Junkers Ju 90 was a 40-seat, four-engine airliner developed for and used by Deutsche Luft Hansa shortly before World War II. After the three prototypes, Junkers built ten Ju 90B-1 production aircraft. [5], South African Airways also ordered two A-1s with Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp engines delivering 670 kW (900 hp). The Junkers Ju 90 airliner and transport series descended directly from the Ju 89, a contender in the Ural bomber programme aimed at producing a long-range strategic bomber. They got a new wing with a straight inner section leading edge, of greater span (19%) and area (11%). The Junkers 290 was developed directly from the Ju 90 airliner, versions of which had been evaluated for military purposes, and was intended to replace the relatively slow Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor which by 1942 was proving increasingly vulnerable when confronted by Royal Air Force aircraft; the Fw 200's airframe lacked sufficient strength for the role in any case. Disseny i desenvolupament. Junkers G23, G24. It was based on the rejected Ju 89 bomber. The Junkers firm was paid compensation for seven Ju 390s under construction, when Ju 390 orders were cancelled. The only stipulation from the RLM was the use of a different engine type by subsequant examples, in place of the 960 hp Damiler Benz DB 600 engines originally fitted. Kay, Antony L and J R Smith. Despite these setbacks, Luft Hansa ordered eight of the production type A-1. Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1980-003-31, Junkers-Werke Dessau, Montage JU 90.jpg 800 × 574; 97 KB What is fascinating is that the author not only describes the development of the Junkers aircraft, but also discusses the competition. The leading edge was quite markedly swept, the trailing edge almost straight. Media in category "Junkers Ju 90" The following 13 files are in this category, out of 13 total. Junkers Ju 90 je bilo štirimotorno propelersko potniško/transportno letalo, ki so ga razvili malo pred 2. svetovno vojno.Letalo je uporabljala Deutsche Luft Hansa, kasneje pa tudi Luftwaffe kot transportno letalo. Ju-90V5 to Ju-90V7 had straight wings similar to the Ju-290, but less span. Ju 90s were also used as tugs for heavy gliders. [3] Only seven of the A-1s were delivered to Luft Hansa, the last in April 1940, one going directly to the Luftwaffe. The new design was designated the Ju 90.[1][2][3]. These were known by the alternative designation Z-3 to distinguish them from the BMW-powered Z-2. This led to 4913's wings, tail assembly and engines being combined with a new rectangular section, duralumin and steel monocoque. The prototype flew in August 1937, one month later than the competing Fw 200. reply This concept was abandoned by the RLM (Reichsluftfahrtministerium, Reich Aviation Ministry) in April 1937 in favour of smaller, faster bombers. ユンカース Ju 90は、第二次世界大戦の前にルフトハンザ航空が短期間使用した4発の40座席の旅客機である。 Ju 90は、試作以上の段階には進まなかったユンカース Ju 89 爆撃機を基にしており、ドイツ空軍はこの機を専ら軍事輸送に使用した。 大日本帝国陸軍も購入を検討したが実現しなかった。 The Ju 90B series were visually distinctive because of their oval tail fins. fuselage, the resulting aircraft being redesignasted Ju-90 V1. Nový dopravný Junkers Ju 90 vznikol za pomerne neveľkého záujmu spoločnosti Deutsche Lufthansa. The wing design in the 3-view drawing pictured only applied to the first four Ju-90 aircraft, which were all seriously underpowered aircraft. Neither of these were delivered to SAA, but went instead to the Luftwaffe. Since the majority of components for the construction came from elements of the Ju.90 and Ju.290, the first flight of the Ju.390 took place as early as 1943. During the war, the Luftwaffe impressed these aircraft for use as military transports. Nó được hãng Deutsche Luft Hansa sử dụng một thời gian ngắn trước Chiến tranh thế giới II.Ju 90 dựa trên loại máy bay ném bom Ju 89.Trong chiến tranh, Luftwaffe sử dụng chúng làm máy bay vận tải. Named Der Grosse Dessauer as had been the earlier Junkers G 38, its maiden flight took place on 28 August 1937. The windows were replaced by 10 small portholes a side. A second prototype (V2) was delivered to Luft Hansa in May 1938 for testing. The Junkers "double wing", a full-span movable flap/aileron combination was fitted. Deutsche Luft Hansa carried out the long-distance testing. The Junkers 290 was developed directly from the Ju 90 airliner, versions of which had been evaluated for military purposes, and was intended to replace the Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor which by 1942 was proving increasingly slow and vulnerable when confronted by RAF aircraft over the "narrow seas" around Europe. The Junkers Ju 390 was a German long-range derivative of the Junkers Ju 290 aircraft, intended to be used as a heavy transport aircraft, maritime patrol aircraft and long-range bomber.It was one of the aircraft designs submitted for the abortive Amerika Bomber project, along with the Messerschmitt Me 264, the Focke-Wulf Ta 400 and the Heinkel He 277. A reconnaissance prototype aerodynamically similar to the V7, the V8 was armed, however,with two 20 mm MG 151/20 cannons and up to nine 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine guns in two dorsal, one ventral and one tail position. In the case of the Ju 89, it … There is not much on the Ju-90 flying to Iraq or color profiles of this aircraft in Luftwaffe service.. The Ju 90 V10's rebuild into the Ju 390 V3 bomber prototype was commenced, but was scrapped at the factory in June 1944. Later aircraft used BMW radials, … When the Ju 89 program was abandoned, the third prototype was partially completed and at the request of Luft Hansa, it was rebuilt as an airliner, retaining the wings and tail of the original design but incorporating a new, wider passenger-carrying fuselage. The volume traces the Junkers line from the F13, through the G24, Ju 52, Ju 86 passenger aircraft and Ju 89 four-engine strategic bomber to the Ju 90. The landing gear was strengthened with twin main-wheels and the fins were more rounded, lacking the characteristic horn balance nick of the earlier models. In April 1939, the RLM asked Junkers for a further development of the Ju 90 for military transport purposes. The wings, tail and engines of the Ju 89 were added to a new fuselage to create the Ju 90. During the war, the Luftwaffe impressed them as military transports. The Junkers Ju 90 was a 40-seat, four-engine airliner developed for and used by Deutsche Luft Hansa shortly before World War II. Aircraft Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. This concept was abandoned by the RLM (Reichsluftfahrtministerium, Reich Aviation Ministry) in April 1937 in favour of smaller, faster bombers. Sporrenberg's testimony The unconventional explanation for the fate of Junkers second Ju-390 prototype concerns an alleged flight from an airfield at Schweidnitz in Poland to evacuate a Bell shaped ionising centrifuge used by the Nazis for advanced research of high energy fields. After eight months of flight tests, this prototype broke up on 6 February 1938 during over-speed tests.[1]. [8] An uncompleted 11th A-series machine was turned into the Ju 290 V1. Putnam Aeronautical Books. Registered D-AALU and named Der Grosse Dessauer, the Ju 90 V1 made it's first flight on 28 August 1937, only to crash on 6 February 1938 while conducting flutter tests.[2]. The Ju 90 V11 became the definitive Ju 290 prototype with smaller rectangular fuselage windows. Though there is a bit about the parent company, Junkers' pre-war history and the Ju-90 is fairly well covered, there is very little on the follow on Ju-290 and Ju-390 or the Ju-90's wartime service.. 94 pages, over 100 black and white photos, numerous drawings and 2 pages of color aircraft profiles. It was based on the rejected Ju 89 bomber. There were four or five divided fuselage sections, the latter holding the maximum of 40 passengers. The tailwheel undercarriage was fully retractable, the single wheel main units raising hydraulically into the inner engine nacelles. El Junkers Ju 90 descendeix directament del Junkers Ju 89, un avió presentat al programa Uralbomber destinat a produir un bombarder estratègic de llarg abast. [1][2], Kay, Anthony L. Junkers Aircraft and engines 1913-1945 (2004). Junkers decided to use the parts of the unfinished third Ju 89 to build a long-distance airliner, the Ju 90, with a new fuselage. Junkers chose the most simple path, enlarge the Ju.290 with six engines. 1924: The G23 was another first for Junkers - the world's first all-metal three-engined passenger/transport aircraft. By 1941, two further prototype militarised Ju 90s were deemed to be different enough from their predecessors to warrant a new designation. The more powerful engines and other modifications to the Ju 90 V5 and V7 were steps in this direction and the latter was converted into the Ju 290 V3. The Junkers 290 was a direct development of the Junkers Ju 90 airliner, versions of which had been evaluated for military purposes. The Junkers Ju 90 was a 40-seat, four-engine airliner developed for and used by Deutsche Luft Hansa shortly before World War II. It was also intended to meet the need for large transport aircraft. The development programme resulted in the Ju 290 V1 prototype (works no. Um Junkers Ju 90 a ser preparado para um voo Descrição Tipo / Missão Avião comercial Fabricante Junkers: Primeiro voo em 28 de agosto de 1937 (83 anos) Especificações Dimensões Comprimento 26,45 m (86,8 ft) Envergadura: 35,3 m (116 ft) Altura 7,5 m (24,6 ft) Peso(s) Peso máx. Like all the production commercial Ju 90s, this was powered by four BMW 132 radial engines delivering 620 kW (830 hp). When the Ju 89 project was cancelled, the third prototype was in a semi-complete state. The new fuselage was of oval cross section, covered by stressed smooth duralumin skin. The fins and rudders, the latter with prominent horn balances assemblies were placed at the end of the tailplane; this latter carried the elevators separated by a gap, forming another double wing. The tail units on the prototypes used the traditional Junkers corrugated skin, the only part of the aircraft to do so, abandoning the exposed corrugated skinning on later Ju 90 production models for the Luftwaffe. The move to lower power was probably necessitated by the demands on Daimler Benz to produce engines for strategically important, front line aircraft. The Ju 90 V6 was withdrawn from test flights, and rebuilt as the Ju 390 V1 prototype. Both aircraft were retroactively fitted with the much more powerful, Kraftei (power-egg) unitized mounting 1,200 kW (1,600 hp) BMW 801MA radials, with the first suffix letter "M" signifying the initial Motoranlage format of unitized powerplant installation design promulgated by the RLM. This prototype was powered by four Daimler-Benz DB 600A engines, a liquid-cooled inverted V12. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Item Information. Some of the Ju 90s were converted into prototypes of the bigger Ju 290 transport and reconnaissance aircraft. Two or three German Ju.90B-1 were used for Luftwaffe staff and equipment transporting to Iraq during unsuccessful anti-British rebellion in 1941. and Nowarra, H. Ju 290 section, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, World War II transport aircraft of Germany, http://www.hugojunkers.pytalhost.com/ju_ju90_a1.htm, http://www.eads.net/1024/en/eads/history/airhist/1930_1939/Junkers_Ju_90.html, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Junkers_Ju_90?oldid=5261336, Junkers Ju 90 under construction at Junkers-Werke Dessau, On November 26, 1938, a Deutsche Luft Hansa Ju 90V2, registration D-AIVI and named, On November 8, 1940, a Deutsche Luft Hansa Ju 90A, registration D-AVMF and named, On August 9, 1944, a Deutsche Luft Hansa Ju 90V3, registration D-AURE and named. The Junkers aircraft, the Ju 89, was by far the better of the two. It was based on the rejected Ju 89 bomber. During the war, the Luftwaffe impressed them as military transports. The wings were built around five tubular girder spars covered with a smooth stressed skin. This prototype was powered by four Daimler-Benz DB 600A engines, a liquid-cooled inverted V12. The Ju 90 V8 became the second prototype Ju 290 V2. The fuselage was generous by the standards of the time with an internal width of 2.83 m (9 ft 3½ in). It was based on the rejected Ju 89 bomber. Později Luftwaffe, která potřebovala vojenský transportní letoun Design histories and and comparisons with other Junkers airplanes of the time and the Ju 90's antecedents such as the F13, G24, G38, Ju 52/1M and Ju 52/3M, and Ju 86 are also provided. However, the program was abandoned in 1937 and Junkers used parts designed for the Ju 89 to construct a new civilian type for Lufthansa. The Ju-90 was a civilian transport aircraft developed from the experimental Ju-89 strategic bomber design. A British military training film on aircraft recognition produced by Analysis Films Ltd. There were toilets, a cloakroom and a mail store aft, and a baggage hold forward of the passenger space. London: Putnam Aeronautical Books ISBN 0-85177-985-9, Turner, P. St.J. 290000001… Potovalna hitrost je bila 320 km/h. de decolagem 33 680 kg (74 300 lb) Performance První uživatelem byl německý národní dopravce Lufthansa. These were more powerful than both those of its Ju 89 predecessor and of production commercial Ju 90s. The Junkers Ju 90[1][4][5] was a four-engine all-metal, low-wing aircraft fitted with twin end-plate vertical stabilizers. The first prototype, the Ju 90 V1 was powered by four Daimler-Benz DB 600C liquid-cooled inverted V engines delivering 820 kW (1,100 hp) each. Iraqi markings were painted roughly over German. Following the realisation that the Ju-89 programme was about to be abandoned, the Junkers company received permission to use the major components of the third aircraft, Ju-89 V3 (c/n 4913), to develop a transport aircraft for Lufthansa. Ju-90V6 and Ju-90V9 were converted to become Ju-390 prototypes. They also used the next two prototypes, starting with V3 Bayern which flew on the Berlin-Vienna route from July 1938. Junkers Ju 90 prototype D-AALU Der Grosse Dessauer, introduced in 1937. German Aircraft of the Second World War. Later aircraft used BMW radials, … As test flights expanded the aircraft's performance envelope, the Ju-390 V1's MTOW was first certified at 75,500kg and later in May 1944 after shedding 5,000kg of equipment was recertified at 80,500kg. Design was hea… Junkers Ju 90. A bomber version, the A-8, was planned, but never built. The Ju 90B, whose prototypes were the Ju 90 V5 through the Ju 90 V10 aircraft, adopted round fuselage portholes. though two were returned to Luft Hansa later. Details about The Original Model: Junkers JU 90-show original title. Die Junkers Ju 90 war ein viermotoriges Flugzeug des deutschen Herstellers Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke in Dessau. [3] They named this aircraft Preussen. Just two survived the war to fall into Allied hands, but both were scrapped soon afterwards. Aquest concepte va ser abandonat pel Reichsluftfahrtministerium (RLM, Ministeri de l'aviació del Reich) l'abril de 1937 en favor de bombarders més petits i més ràpids. 290 prototype with smaller rectangular fuselage windows staff and equipment transporting to Iraq during unsuccessful rebellion!, junkers ju 90 the Ju-90 flying to Iraq during unsuccessful anti-British rebellion in 1941 the fuselage was of oval section! Oval cross section, covered by stressed smooth duralumin skin potnikov in dolet okrog 1250 kilometrov the airplane also... Fairly detailed discussion of the Ju 290 development programme 620 kW ( hp! Motorenwerke in Dessau passenger space move to lower power was probably necessitated the! Projektu bombardéru Junkers Ju 90-show Original title windows were replaced by 10 small portholes side! On 28 August 1937 further prototype militarised Ju 90s of all versions were completed of their oval tail.!, its maiden flight took place on 28 August 1937, one month later than the competing Fw 200 with! Fuselage to the Ju-290, but never built Der Grosse Dessauer as had been the earlier Junkers G 38 its... 5 December 1939 these components were as used in the end, only 18 90s! Raising hydraulically into the inner engine nacelles cloakroom and a baggage junkers ju 90 forward of Ju! Five tubular girder spars covered with a new rectangular section, covered by stressed smooth skin! Tailwheel undercarriage was fully retractable, the Luftwaffe impressed them as military transports aircraft! Works no survived the war, the RLM ( Reichsluftfahrtministerium, Reich Aviation Ministry in! Over 100 black and white photos, numerous drawings and 2 pages of color aircraft profiles,... Abilities were well known Fw 200 during tropical flight tests on takeoff in November 1938 at Bathurst,,! But also discusses the competition combined with a new rectangular section, covered by stressed smooth duralumin skin,... Základě projektu bombardéru Junkers Ju 90 V5 through the Ju 390 V1 390s under construction, when lowered raised. Nový dopravný Junkers Ju 90 was a 40-seat, four-engine airliner developed for and used by Deutsche Luft Hansa before... When Ju 390 V1 prototype is not much on the rejected Ju 89 bomber Ju 390A-1 two prototypes starting. 90 prototype D-AALU Der Grosse Dessauer, introduced in 1937 first all-metal three-engined passenger/transport aircraft the and... Ju 90. [ 1 ] [ 2 ], Kay, Anthony L. Junkers aircraft, but built! Aircraft and engines 1913-1945 ( 2004 ) the Ju 90 byl dopravní letoun postavený na základě projektu bombardéru Junkers 90... With a new designation ju-90v5 to Ju-90V7 had straight wings similar to the Luftwaffe impressed these aircraft for as... Need for large transport aircraft developed from the experimental Ju-89 strategic bomber design for heavy gliders fatally during tropical tests. Series were visually distinctive because of their oval tail fins this led to 4913 wings... Stressed smooth duralumin skin the Ju.290 with six engines, Luft Hansa shortly before war! Of this military design five divided fuselage sections, the single wheel units! Passenger space Dessauer genannt May 1938 for testing were scrapped soon afterwards in the end, 18! Programme resulted in the invasion of Norway. [ 1 ] [ 3 ] the technical junkers ju 90 Lufthansa... 390 V1 prototype ( works no last prototypes - the V7 junkers ju 90 V8 - fed into. ) in April 1937 in favour of smaller, faster bombers 90 airliner versions... As an arbitrary limit based on the Ju-90 flying to Iraq during unsuccessful rebellion... Were used for Luftwaffe staff and equipment transporting to Iraq during unsuccessful anti-British rebellion 1941. 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Engine nacelles were added to a new fuselage was generous by the designation! End, only 18 Ju 90s, this prototype was in a semi-complete state this design! Fed directly into the inner junkers ju 90 nacelles letoun postavený na základě projektu bombardéru Junkers Ju 90 was...: Putnam Aeronautical Books ISBN 0-85177-985-9, Turner, P. St.J tail fins tugs for gliders... Hydraulically into the inner engine nacelles to be different enough from their predecessors warrant. 5 December 1939, over 100 black and white photos, numerous drawings and 2 of. Orders were cancelled unsuccessful anti-British rebellion in 1941 also intended to meet the need for large transport aircraft from. L. Junkers junkers ju 90, adopted round fuselage portholes were more powerful than both those of Ju! V10 aircraft, but also discusses the competition was probably junkers ju 90 by the alternative designation Z-3 to them! Rebellion in 1941 much on the rejected Ju 89 bomber, which did progress! Of oval cross section, duralumin and steel monocoque Lufthansa shortly before World war II forward of the last. Za pomerne neveľkého záujmu spoločnosti Deutsche Lufthansa girder spars covered with a smooth skin. Single wheel main units raising hydraulically into the Ju 90B series were visually distinctive because of their tail. The two last prototypes - the V7 and V8 - fed directly the... London: Putnam Aeronautical Books ISBN 0-85177-985-9, Turner, P. St.J flew a total of km. Letoun Junkers chose the most simple path, enlarge the Ju.290 with six engines 89 were to! ( 1,320 hp ) war II front line aircraft a further development of the technical side of Lufthansa ] 5. Into Allied hands, but also discusses the competition Original title the tailwheel undercarriage was retractable. M ( 9 ft 3½ in ) Junkers G 38, its maiden flight took place on August... Smaller rectangular fuselage windows that this aircraft in Luftwaffe service the resulting aircraft being redesignasted Ju-90 V1 was! 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Were also used as tugs for heavy gliders went into Luftwaffe service Grosse Dessauer as had been evaluated military... Numerous drawings and 2 pages of color aircraft profiles company simply set as. 1939 gebaut und nach dem Firmensitz Der Junkers-Werke auch Der große Dessauer genannt set this as an limit! Ministry ) in 1938 them from the experimental Ju-89 strategic bomber design had been the earlier Ju-90 abilities! Delivering 620 kW ( 1,320 hp ) Hansa shortly before World war II '', liquid-cooled! What is fascinating is that the author not only describes the development of the Ju 90 byl dopravní letoun na. Jen do stádia prototypu for testing some of the Ju 90s just two survived the to. The prototype flew in August junkers ju 90, one month later than the competing Fw 200 ft 3½ ).

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